Dion Cho – Oracle Performance Storyteller

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Posts Tagged ‘serial direct path read

Interesting combination of RAC and serial direct path read

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For who are not aware, Oracle 11g has introduced a serial direct path read which enables the efficient direct path read for the serial table scan.

Disabling Direct path read for the serial full table scan-11g

A couple of days ago, I was reported a weird performance bias between 2 nodes in 11g RAC.

The query has the same execution plan on both nodes.

---------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                       | Name         | 
---------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT                |              | 
|   1 |  NESTED LOOPS                   |              | 
|*  2 |   TABLE ACCESS FULL             | 			   | 
|*  3 |   VIEW                          |              | 
|   4 |    UNION ALL PUSHED PREDICATE   |              | 
|*  5 |     FILTER                      |              | 
|   6 |      TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| 			   | 
|*  7 |       INDEX RANGE SCAN          | 			   | 
|*  8 |     FILTER                      |              | 
|   9 |      TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| 			   | 
|* 10 |       INDEX RANGE SCAN          | 			   | 
---------------------------------------------------------

But on node A, it takes 12 sec to complete while takes only 2 sec on node B.

-- node A
all  count    cpu  elapsed    disk    query  current    rows 
------- ------ -------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 
Parse    1    0.06    0.06      0      0      0      0 
Execute    1    0.00    0.00      0      0      0      0 
Fetch    2    1.31    10.48    90421    90437      0      2 
------- ------ -------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 
total    4    1.37    10.55    90421    90437      0      2 
Elapsed times include waiting on following events: 
Event waited on                  Times  Max. Wait Total Waited 
----------------------------------------  Waited ---------- ------------ 
library cache lock                    1    0.00      0.00 
library cache pin                    1    0.00      0.00 
SQL*Net message to client              2    0.00      0.00 
enq: KO - fast object checkpoint          2    0.00      0.00 
reliable message                    1    0.00      0.00 
direct path read                  1579    0.00      0.01 
SQL*Net message from client              2    23.81      23.81

-- node B
call  count    cpu  elapsed    disk    query  current    rows 
------- ------ -------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 
Parse    1    0.03    0.03      0      0      0      0 
Execute    1    0.00    0.00      0      0      0      0 
Fetch    2    2.01    2.01      0    90450      0      2 
------- ------ -------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- 
total    4    2.04    2.05      0    90450      0      2 

Elapsed times include waiting on following events: 
Event waited on                  Times  Max. Wait Total Waited 
----------------------------------------  Waited ---------- ------------ 
SQL*Net message to client              2    0.00      0.00 
gc cr block 2-way                    1    0.00      0.00 
SQL*Net message from client              2    23.53      23.53 
library cache lock                    1    0.00      0.00 
library cache pin                    1    0.00      0.00

This performance bias was always reproduced. It took always 12 sec on node A and 2 sec on node B.

The hint was direct path read wait event which means that the direct path read was being performed.

  • Because this is not a parallel execution, we have a strong chance of the serial direct path read.
  • Nocache LOB can’t be a reason here. If the nocache LOB is the issue, both nodes should have the same performance feature.
  • But we should be careful when interpreting the wait count and wait time of direct path read event. We can’t rely on these values due to the mechanism of the direct path read.

The customer was suggested of the 10949 diagnostics event as a workaround and the problem was gone(I know that this event is undocumented and unsupported, but… )

It seems that node A and node B had different environments(different cache size and/or different size of preload blocks …) and as a result, Oracle chose the different ways of executing FTS – direct vs. conventional.

Can this be classified as another dark side(side effect) of the automization by Oracle? I’m not sure but the unexpected bias between the multiple nodes is always likely to embarrass the DBAs.

Written by Dion Cho

June 9, 2010 at 4:31 am

Posted in I/O

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